About The Holocaust
Overview of the remanence of Auschwitz-Birkenau from a guard tower
What Was The Holocaust?
In 1933, Adolf Hitler rose to power through German democratic elections and turned Germany into a fascist regime. His main goal: Create a purified 'Aryan' nation.
The Holocaust was one of the biggest atrocities of the 20th century, as it was the systematic persecution and murder of six million Jewish men, women and children by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. A total of 11 million people, including homosexuals, physically and mentally disabled, gypsies and others, were exterminated from 1938 to 1945.
The Holocaust is said to have started on November 10th, 1938, with the Night of The Broken Glass (Kristallnacht), where the Nazi regime sponsored the burning and destruction of Jewish temples, homes and shops.
Thousands of ghettos across Europe were established, designed to separate Jews from the rest of society. Concentration, Labor, and eventually Death camps were built to quicken the extermination process.
Death camps used a poisonous gas called Zyklon B and carbon monoxide to kill gas chambers full of people. In addition, people were also beaten, shot and starved to death.
Most notable camps:
Crematorium in Auschwitz which incinerated millions of bodies after they were killed
Forced labor munitions factory in Starachowice in which Tova’s parents were forced to work